Archaeology
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Research Areas:

Pre-Hispanic Aspect

-  Native identity. Identifying the formation of the society that lived in the area prior to 1519.

-  Characterizing the cultural group. Description of material offerings, associating them with their use and dates; proposition of the occupation timeline up until the Spanish occupation.

-  Material evolution. Description of material offerings, associating them with their use and dates.

-  Identifying the occupation sequence until the Spanish intervention. Range of intercultural interaction. Dates of the disappearance of the autochthonous settlement.

-  Cultural, social and economic heritage. Relationship of the local society with the rest of the country.

-  Population. Characterizing the inhabitants of the zone from the point of view of physical anthropology, medicine, and forensic studies, with the purpose of identifying elements such as population markers, diseases, parentage, and food, among others.

Colonial Aspect

-  Urban archaeology. Systematic behavior of growth units and conformation of urban spaces.

-  Daily life in Panama Viejo. The use of spaces, customs, adaptations to the environment, food, and the way of life in coastal zones.

-  Architectural evolution. Growth sequence of edifications, typology of materials and physical characteristics associated with temporal ranks, description of housing and space adaptations built for public use in Panama Viejo.

-  City and surroundings. Delimitation of blocks, identification of streets and internal transport routes, definition of lots, identification of influential zones for growth. Adaptation of the checkerboard layout to the coastal topography.

-  Economy and importing goods. Commerce of luxury goods, European production, exchange centers.

-  Local manufacturers and production centers. European ceramics made in Panama or Panamanian Mayólica. Native earthenware. Designs, shapes, styles, dates, commercial distribution.

-  Syncretism and interculturality. Integration of the native society into the colonial system.

-  Population. Characterization of the people residing in Panama Viejo between 1519 and 1671, from the point of view of physical anthropology, medicine, and forensic studies, to establish identification elements such as population markers, diseases, filiation, eating habits and origins.

Curatorial investigation focuses

-  Raw materials. Techniques, tools, and processes for the elaboration of objects according to the matter they are composed of, and the origin of the materials.

-  Production centers (local or foreign). Workshop, exchange and commerce areas.

-  Typology and chronology. Characterization of the typologies associated with each category of objects and artifacts. Establishing the associated, relative and absolute temporal ranks.

-  Intangible. Beliefs, uses and customs, social value versus economic cost.

-  Museologic investigation. Development of the base research dossiers for the objects and artifacts categories with the ideal physical qualities to be exhibited.

-  Management and public use. TICs. Development and maintenance of the collection databases. Design, maintenance and updating of the general and specialized reference catalogs.

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